The City Attorney is proposing changes to rules governing protests, parades, and processions that would create an online tool for requesting permits for demonstrations, designate a protest area at the airport, and streamline the permitting process.
The proposals were presented to City Council on Wednesday. Mayor Ron Nirenberg and Council members generally voiced support for the changes, and Council likely will consider final ordinance recommendations in January.
Councilman Roberto Treviño (D1) submitted a council consideration request in August to review the City’s rules after protesters assembled at San Antonio International Airport in February to demonstrate against President Trump’s travel ban from majority-Muslim countries. The demonstrators technically were violating City ordinances by marching without permits and outside approved areas, and many were asked to leave by airport staff. No arrests were made.
Volunteers from the San Antonio Free Speech Coalition, led by organizer Joleen Garcia, brought concerns over the existing parade ordinance to Treviño.
Current rules allow for marches on sidewalks and protests on public property such as parks and outside City Hall without a permit. Protests or marches on city streets require a $75 permit through the San Antonio Police Department. While the City covers the cost – up to $3,000 – of erecting barricades and staffing the route with police officers, the remainder of the cost falls on march organizers.
In the last year, 23 street marches have been permitted, with two requiring costs exceeding $3,000, according to City Attorney Andy Segovia. He recommended that permits be issued free of charge and implementation costs over $3,000 be eliminated.
Segovia also proposed designated free-speech areas at city-owned properties, including the airport, the Convention Center, and the Alamodome. Currently there are two designated protest areas in the airport for a maximum of three people, and none at the Convention Center and Alamodome.
During Segovia’s presentation, Council members Cruz Shaw (D2) and Shirley Gonzales (D5) asked if there could be an exception that didn’t require permits for low-traffic residential demonstrations.
“I’m reluctant to require police presence and traffic plans for neighborhood gatherings like posadas,” Gonzales said, referring to a Latino holiday tradition of community members going house to house.
The Free Speech Coalition had requested the creation of a liaison outside the police department to organize marches, something that was not part of the City Attorney’s recommendations. However, some Council members thought such a liaison would be a good idea.
“It is reasonable to me to assume some folks will not be comfortable interacting with the police depending on the content of their views,” Councilman Rey Saldaña (D4) said. “I side with the Free Speech Coalition on the need for a liaison outside of SAPD, so as to err on the side of the citizen rather than the regulator.”
Councilwoman Ana Sandoval (D7) agreed. “I would recommend a one-stop person who knows how to work with parks and the police,” she said. “If knowing who to go to is confusing for us internally, it has to be confusing for the public.”
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After the session, Garcia said having a point of contact for permitting outside the police department is important, because some community members may be wary of interacting with police.
“A liaison outside of [the police] department should be the default for any free speech permits,” she said.
Treviño said City officials remain open to hearing how the ordinances can be changed to better serve the public.
“The will and wishes of the people are reflected in the proposed changes, and I believe this process is a model for how the City and community need to work with one another going forward,” he said.