New Laws on Chicken Ownership Could Help Reduce Food Insecurity in San Antonio

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Chickens eat feed in the backyard gardens of Outlaw Kitchens.

Bonnie Arbittier / Rivard Report

Chickens eat feed in the backyard gardens of Outlaw Kitchens.

On Thursday, City Council raised the number of backyard chickens that San Antonians can own without a permit from three to eight. Council approved amendments to the City’s Animal Care Services (ACS) code, including several to better define the rules for “domestic fowl” at residences, more than doubling the number of birds allowed.

The Food Policy Council of San Antonio‘s vision is to create a vibrant local food economy, with healthy, sustainable, affordable food accessible to all. To that end, one of our goals is to protect and expand the right of everyone to grow their own food. As president of the non-profit, I have watched first hand as those who grow at least some of their own food, including eggs and poultry, develop long-term food security and gain foundational knowledge about agriculture for themselves and their community.

Chickens, ducks, or guinea hens can help reduce pests and provide fertilizer in a vegetable garden, or they can be raised on their own to provide protein-rich homegrown foods to families. While no official count exists, there are likely tens of thousands of backyard birds already being tended to throughout the city. Residents in many San Antonio neighborhoods have long traditions of keeping domestic fowl for eggs and meat, and others have been adopting the practice in recent years.

Kim Rocha, administrator of the nearly 4,000-member Facebook group San Antonio Area Backyard Chickens, coordinated many of her members to engage in local activism.

“There is no way ACS would have been so willing to change the limit if it wasn’t for all of the people who showed up at meetings, wrote letters, made phone calls, gathered signatures, left messages and comments,” Rocha told members after the Council vote. “A special thanks to all of the people who don’t even live in San Antonio, but cared enough to support the mission. This is one of those things where ‘it took a village.’ It was so much easier to walk into the Council people’s office when they have been bombarded by chicken supporters. There is a lot of love in our little chicken world.”

The Food Policy Council has sought some of these changes for a long time, combined with our earlier work to change zoning rules to allow for urban agriculture throughout the city. One of our work groups, and its leader Leslie Provence, is directly involved in proposing language changes to the City Code, and has been researching revisions to the livestock code for several years. There are still more restrictions to ease and rights to standardize, but for now if you are interested in raising chickens, here are the rules:

  • Any home can have up to eight domestic fowl, including one rooster, without a permit. An excess animal permit is needed for more.
  • The coop must be at least 50 feet from the nearest neighboring dwelling.
  • Chickens must primarily be kept in a coop at least 24 sq. ft. in size, or six sq. ft. per bird, whichever is larger.
  • Chickens can roam outside of the coop or run as long as they stay in the boundaries or a yard, between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m.
  • Sanitation and food must be addressed in a manner that prevents attraction of pests.
  • The fowls’ area is subject to inspection from Animal Care Services.

These rules put San Antonio in line with cities that have progressively embraced urban agriculture, though not quite to the level of Austin’s subsidized backyard chickens. Homeowners associations can still declare their own restrictions, but these choices represent an important precedent of loosening rules related to urban agriculture. This policy change signals clear municipal support for current chicken owners and for sustainability-minded future residents considering whether San Antonio fits the bill for the type of city they want to live in.

For those interested in these and other efforts spearheaded by the Food Policy Council, which includes a Healthy Corner Store initiative, a citywide food insecurity study, incentives for urban farms, reducing sugar consumption, and strengthening connections between farms and schools, there are ample opportunities to get involved.

General meetings are open to the public on the third Wednesday of every month at 12 p.m. at Eco Centro. Work group meetings for each topic occur monthly.


7 thoughts on “New Laws on Chicken Ownership Could Help Reduce Food Insecurity in San Antonio

  1. My subdivision’s deed restrictions prohibit chickens, no matter how few. Being retired, I set my own alarm clock, and would not enjoy being awakened by a rooster. Our neighboring dogs provide the occasional wake-up bark, but their all-night “conversational barking” is annoying – to many neighbors. I can fix the barking with an electronic gadget, but I doubt a rooster-silencing device is available.

    • Yes, there is a rooster collar that prevents a rooster from actually crowing. And roosters, unlike dogs, rarely crow at night.

  2. I have had 3 hens in my backyard for about 2 years now. I enjoy the eggs and fertilizer they provide. I am not a big fan of roosters since the noise can get out of hand (there are sleeves owners can put on their roosters to cut down on noise but I doubt anyone would purchase them). I was house hunting earlier this year and was surprised on how many subdivisions do not allow any fowl. I had to choose between a house or my chickens! I did find the perfect house with no HOA that forbade chickens. Win Win…then later found out my deed restrictions indicated no fowl. I still have my birds even with these restrictions. San Antonio needs to see the light that more people are growing their own food and raising small animals to eat. This is so much healthier for everyone and HOAs should start small and allow these type of birds. Include housing and cleanliness requirements to be sure it doesn’t get out of hand. My hens do make some noise but nothing compared to the dogs that live next door, there is no smell, and they make wonderful pets.

  3. What about Bantams? Those breeds of chickens are way smaller that normal sized chickens. How many of those can we keep?

  4. Any information on schools having chickens? We’d love to get some on our campus, but we weren’t too sure about regulations?

  5. I just wanted to add a correction. For 8 or less chickens, there is NO MINIMUM DISTANCE requirement from your neighbor’s home. The distance requirements kick in when a person has more than 8 chickens and requires a permit.
    9-25 chickens – 50 feet,
    26-50 chickens – 75 feet, and
    50+ chickens -100 feet and a business reason for so many chickens.

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