It will be especially difficult to reunite toddlers with parents who may have been released into the interior U.S. or deported back to their home countries.
The state's two U.S. senators are likely to play pivotal roles in what is expected to be a politically explosive confirmation process.
The San Antonio Democrat's sentence comes after he was convicted of 11 felonies in connection with a now-defunct oilfield services company.
The top federal prosecutor in one of Texas' busiest border districts has dropped charges against immigrants who arrived with their families.
The action comes after days of outcry about families being torn apart. Meanwhile, members of Congress are working on legislation to address the issue.
The outcome doesn't have direct legal bearing on Texas – but it does have implications for religious refusal laws in the state.
Following a ruling last month that Texas was violating a law designed to ease voter registration, a federal judge ordered the state to submit a plan to fix it.
Two years ago, Texas won a case blocking an immigration policy just one letter different from DACA.
The office of Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton is suing to fight DACA, which protects hundreds of thousands of immigrants nationwide from deportation.
Gutierrez is running for Texas Senate District 19, a Democratic-leaning San Antonio district that overlaps with his own.