Texas Teachers’ Pay Is Average. But Their Pensions Are Among the Lowest in the Country.

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A teacher at Tafolla Middle School uses a smart board to teach a math lesson. Photo by Kathryn Boyd-Batstone.

Kathryn Boyd-Batstone / Rivard Report

Texas ranked 27th in the nation for teacher pay in 2016.

How do employment benefits for Texas educators compare to those in other states?

This question has been a point of contention between lawmakers and educators for many years. Texas teachers say they’re frustrated due to a lack of state funding for public education. But lawmakers say the uncertainty surrounding the budget makes it hard to allocate better benefits for educators.

If you look at the raw numbers, Texas ranked 27th in the nation for teacher pay in 2016, according to the National Education Association. On average, Texas teachers earned $51,890 – roughly $6,500 below the national average.

However, teachers have long argued that inadequate funding for public schools cuts into their salaries. During the 2008 fiscal year, the State covered roughly 48.5 percent of the cost of public education, according to the Legislative Budget Board. By the 2019 fiscal year, that figure will be closer to 38 percent. Over the same period, teacher salaries remained about the same (Texas teachers, on average, earned roughly $47,000 in 2008).

“One of the biggest costs to education are the teachers and other employees at a school district. That’s the biggest cost to the state,” said Clay Robison, a spokesman for the Texas State Teachers Association. “When you start cutting education in Texas, you’re shortchanging teachers. We’re already behind the national average when it comes to teacher pay, and we’re getting further behind.”

But salaries aren’t the only component to consider when looking at how Texas teachers fare compared to their peers in other states, said Ed Allen with the American Federation of Teachers.

“When looking at a nationwide comparison, most people factor in the salaries. But when teachers get older, what’s being paid into retirement and the health insurance becomes a really big deal,” Allen said.

When it comes to healthcare benefits, advocates say Texas teachers are stuck in 2002. That’s when state lawmakers created the plan known as TRS-ActiveCare. The teacher health insurance program, which is run by the Teacher Retirement System of Texas, requires the State to contribute $75 per employee toward monthly healthcare premiums.

Nearly 430,000 public school teachers and retirees are covered under the plan, which is used by many of the state’s 1,200-plus school districts. Since the program went into effect, employees’ share of premiums have more than doubled, while the State’s contribution to teacher’s health care has remained the same.

“When your salary is barely going up year after year, healthcare costs are going up considerably and you’re not getting any additional money put toward those healthcare cost by your employer – which is the State in this case – then effectively you’re taking a year over year cut to your salary,” said Monty Exter, a lobbyist at the Association of Texas Professional Educators.

Under the TRS-ActiveCare program, districts are also required to put a minimum of $150 per employee per month toward health insurance premiums, with the option of contributing more. But Exter said that can be difficult for districts as education budgets are squeezed.

Joel Solomon, a senior policy analyst with the National Education Association, said it’s hard to compare Texas teacher health insurance programs to other states since the structure of such programs varies nationwide. But, he said, “when we look at educators’ health benefits around the country and how important … ensuring quality health benefits to educators are, what we see in Texas is deeply troubling.”

When it comes to retirement funding, a majority of states pay into both a pension plan and Social Security. Texas is in the minority of states that only pays into a pension fund and does not pay into Social Security for the majority of its teachers – which means most Texas teachers won’t have access to Social Security benefits when they retire. Fewer than 50 of the state’s districts participate in Social Security on their own.

Among states that only offer a pension plan for teachers, Texas is dead last when it comes to funding its pension programs – by a lot.

For years, Texas only paid 6 percent – the constitutional minimum – into the Teacher Retirement System. It now pays 6.8 percent, according to the National Association of State Retirement Administrators. And the Texas Constitution says the State's contributions to pension funds can’t eclipse 10 percent without a constitutional amendment approved by voters.

“The next closest non-Social Security state had a retirement contribution rate at least double ours,” said Ann Fickel, the associate executive director of the Texas Classroom Teachers Association. The median contribution for the other 14 other states that don’t pay into Social Security for their teachers is around 18 percent, she added.

“As retirees’ costs rise, especially for medical care, there will be pressure on lawmakers to find a way to increase benefits for retired teachers,” Fickel said.

The bottom line: When it comes to teacher pay, Texas ranked 27th in the nation – right around the middle. But Texas is dead last in teacher retirement funding and puts a little more than the minimum into the Teacher Retirement System.


2 thoughts on “Texas Teachers’ Pay Is Average. But Their Pensions Are Among the Lowest in the Country.

  1. What is missing from this article is the information related to a lack of increases in pension payments to teacher retirees over the years. It has been since about 2001 that there has been any increase in the pension that teachers who are already retired get. Such payments are based on the income the teachers were receiving when they retired, and there are no automatic raises based on inflation factors such as Social Security has.

    I’ve been expecting to read the kind of explosive article that decades ago caused an uproar from the public to happen–one telling about 90-year-old beloved retired first grade teachers living in poverty because there had been no increase in their pensions for so long.

    TRS did give a one-time small extra payment once or twice since 2001 and the state recently switched payments back from the 1st of the month to the last day of the month which created a 13th payment within one year (to offset the switch they made earlier during a state economic crunch which resulted in only 11 payments one year for retirees), but those one-offs. Inflation since 2001 has eaten away 1/3 of retired teachers’ spending income. Since most do not have Social Security as was mentioned in this article, it means that the cost of daily living is getting tighter and tighter. Plus, we are now entering a period of potential rising cost of living due to interest rates being raised to fight potential inflation problems coming down the road.

    The Texas government has justified not giving increases to retired teachers because of underfunding. That underfunding is a result of the government not funding it enough–having such a low contribution rate as mentioned in this article–that it has remained underfunded through all these years with the state usually contributing less than they require the teachers themselves to put into the system. Apparently, it is going to take new articles about the suffering 90-year-old retired and beloved first grade teachers before our politicians and our taxpayers become concerned enough to support working on this problem. There should be a plenty of such stories out there, since even the ones who retired at age 65 in 2001 and have lost 1/3 of their spending power/living support would only be 82 years old now and many of those would still be alive, struggling financially, and ready to speak to reporters.

    • Thank you, Dansk Tex, what you covered probably was too much out of scope for this article’s intent. Did you go over to the TX Tribune, and make your case in their commentary-section or with a letter to the editor?

      Kinda surprised TX teachers haven’t risen up like their peers in AZ, OK, WV. Maybe it’s brewing under the surface, like a HI volcano.

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